National Guard Security

National Guard troops NBC, reconnaissance, communications and control novelties

On 27 March, 2017, Russian news gency RIA Novosti published a promotional video featuring what appear to be Russian National Guard troops attached to the prominent 604th Red Banner Special Purpose Center “Vityaz”(Knight). At 01:51 mark in the video IRKOS made ACR hand-held spectrum analyser can be seen in use by a Rosgvardiya troops officer.

“IRKOS"

ACR works by measuring magnetic field intensity and employing panoramic spectrum analysis. It is able to detect, monitor and record radio signals from wireless communication and data transmissions. And subsequently locate emission sources. The set operates in the 0.009-18000 MHz frequency range, weighs up to 3.5kg and provides for four hours of continuous operation on a single battery charge.

The unit comes with four interchangeable antennae, covering different frequency bands. Antennae can be used both in active and passive modes and can detect radio frequency emitters with vertical and horizontal polarisation.

Typically, two or more people with an ACR each would locate a potential source of emission by employing triangulation method. Alternative, but less efficient, and perhaps less reliable method, would involve a single person equipped with an ACR taking comparative emission readings on a straight path at different points along a given path in a direction of emission source.

IRKOS

Regarding the potential scenarios of its employment, it is likely that other much more capable reconnaissance assets, such as Tigr-M SBRM below, would detect and pass on emissions data to a Rosgvardiya troops detachment. Subsequently, detachment would be sent in to pinpoint the target using ACR set/s. In a different but less likely scenario, ACR equipped unit could be sent on a “blind” seek and destroy mission into an area where insurgents are known to operate.

On 7 February, 2017, Russian news agency TASS, ran a report on new National Guard troops reconnaissance and NBC(nuclear, biological, chemical) versions of Tigr-M, both of which are, the report claims, in the final stages of development. The article states that vehicles have been developed by “Rosgvardiya experts”, assumingly in close co-operation with companies in the defence and security sector. In the same article, Head of Military-Scientific Department of the Russian National Guard Troops, Yuri Martsenyuk stated that new reconnaissance Tigr dedicated training facility will be operational by next year.

Tigr-M SBRM

In a recently released promotional Rosgvardiya troops video mentioned at the beginning of this article, at 02:44 mark, this latest version of Tigr-M Service Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle(SBRM) can be seen moving (main picture) through a muddy forest path.

Exact details regarding the new vehicle are classified and therefore rather sketchy. What is known from open sources and what can be discerned form the image below, is that this new Tigr-M SBRM variant will be equipped with a quadcopter drone, acoustic sensor Sova-M(pictured below), a reconnaissance mast featuring various electro-optical(EO) observation devices and, most probably, a small target surveillance radar. Furthermore, the vehicle is likely equipped with sophisticated radio spectrum analysers and monitors.

Sova-M

Sova-M

In a related development, new communications and control version of recently adopted National Guard Kamaz-43502 Patrul’ is presently being touted as key Rosgvrdiya troops asset for network-centric operations. This new version of Patrul’ is known as Mobile Complex for Communications and Control or by its Russian acronym – MKSU-SM1. It collects and analyses information form field units and data from various reconnaissance assets, such as new Tigr-M SBRM, and relays it to Rosgvardiya commanders using secure satellite communications. MKSU-SM1 is also able to receive and share real-time intelligence from and with different Federal Security Service(FSB) and Ministry of Defence entities.

Patrul' MKSU-SM1

Apparently, both MKSU-SM1 and the latest version of Tigr-M SBRM are so sophisticated, relative to their size, that neither of the two have their equivalents in the Russian Armed Forces at present.

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